"Simon Says" - Marine Litter - Time to end the plastic tide
Friday 2nd February 2018
Conservationists have been warning of the problems of plastic waste especially in our oceans for years, but were making little headway against the huge pro-plastic lobby. It took just one programme fronted by Sir David Attenborough to change everything and finally break the impasse. Blue Planet 2 showed various threats to our oceans in a very non-accusatory, appealing way, but it was the dead whale calf and the plastics that were taken into everyone’s hearts.
Making progress in conservation is often a series of steps: identify the issue, suggest a solution, get sufficient profile to take action and then the action itself. Blue Planet 2 really gave this issue the profile it so desperately needed because the scale of problem was already well known. Here are some mind-blowing figures:
Those statistics show that a great deal of what we throw away ends up in the seas, either through bad management or inconsiderate wastage. 95% of all marine plastics come from just 10 rivers, 8 of which are in Asia, and just 5 countries account for 60% of the pollution – China, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, and Thailand.
These plastics clog up the sea floor and float on the ocean surface, they get eaten by marine animals, and they get passed on in the food chain to us, either as particles of plastic in the tissue of the animals we eat, or as toxic chemicals in the flesh. Levels are now at crisis point.
Helping other countries
But there is a light at the end of this acrylic tunnel. There are things we can do to reduce this pollution, at least in the future. In those countries wasting so much plastic, the introduction of waste management systems would halve the amount of waste finding its way into the sea. I propose we use our foreign aid money to help some countries achieve this. It would be a good use for our foreign aid because it would help provide a healthier environment for the citizens, provide business support for the recycle industry, encourage drinking water treatment and reduce pollution. In those countries it will need to be a combination of changing behaviour and introducing new technology.
We must though be careful not to blame people in developing countries for using disposable water bottles, because in many countries water quality in distribution systems isn’t good, so bottled water is the only safe source.
What can we do?
What can we do here in the UK? I think there is an awful lot we can do to make a difference pretty quickly. Already councils are doing a great deal to recycle plastics and at the very least (and it is the very least) ensure they stay within landfills. We have to play our part by buying less in plastic packages.
That means refilling preferably non-plastic water bottles. That scheme championed by Whitbread and water companies around the country to top up water bottles at various shops and cafes is a great start. We at DWT are selling a refillable water bottle (www.dorsetwildlifetrust.org.uk) which Neal’s Yard Remedies, our corporate partner, are using to front their campaign as the first high street chain to roll out free water fill stations nationally. All DWT’s visitor centres are offering free water refills.
Then what about hot drinks? Let’s see the major coffee retailers fill up our favourite own mugs rather than give out plasticised cups. Take reusable plastic bags to the shops. They are a lot more useful and suitable than nasty, weak plastic bags anyway. I remember many years ago shopping in Carrefour in France and finding at the till that they didn’t have any plastic bags even if you wanted to pay for them. Loading item by item into the car was a strong incentive not to forget the shopping bags again. The 5p tax on bags has had a dramatic improvement on the state of our own beaches, with the number of discarded bags declining by half. It just shows what can be done.
Let’s make a real difference
I believe though that this is just scratching at the symptom not the cause. We need to change the way we think about disposable products. It should be no longer acceptable to buy products wrapped in single use plastics, except perhaps a small amount of thin films. Maybe not even that.
As an example of what we are up against, mineral water companies are a good example. They argue that transport costs and therefore carbon footprint will escalate if they have to convert to glass bottles. They also say their branding is vital to sales and they need to keep the shape, colour and size of the plastic bottles we have become so addicted to. I don’t agree. I believe there are plenty of solutions they could adopt and I hope that what will probably be a decline in sales will force them to think a little outside of the box, or in this case bottle.
For example, they could tanker water into local bottling and distribution centres and use glass. Instead of recycling the glass, why not put a deposit on the bottles like we used to? Then you could hygienically clean and reuse them without melting them down. Better still why doesn’t the government introduce standard bottles of different sizes and shapes that could be endlessly recycled. Any one bottle could have fizzy water in it one day, pickle the next and gin the next. It cannot be beyond the wit of marketers to come up with an endless array of on-product labels and marketing to retain that desperately sought-after brand recognition.
Government and the big retailers say the producers won’t do it, but we have seen the huge purchasing power they have and how they can force producers to take the actions they want. My point is that we can fiddle around the edges and decrease plastic wastes somewhat, or we can really use the momentum that Sir David has given us and make a real difference, now while the producers are on the back foot.
Support the petition
We need to keep this issue in the public profile until it is properly sorted. One person doing just that is Patrick Howie. He has come up with the idea for a national awareness day for marine plastics. He is asking for government support and needs as many sign-ups to his petition as we can get. Please go to https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/202198 to support his valuable initiative. I have.
At DWT we will continue to raise this issue and lobby for change. But change mainly starts at home and businesses respond when people vote with their feet, or wallet.
Anonymous 2, Feb 2018 @ 14:54
Horrific & depressing statistics - we are drowning in a world of plastic and waste - it's hard to believe how we as individuals can make a difference but we have to start somewhere and that somewhere is at home looking at our own use of plastic & then pressurising business and government to make changes and effect policy - one tip whenever you buy fish and chips, takeaways etc make sure that they do not use plastic or polystyrene containers and if they do have a word - I've visited environmentally aware places and even they have served food in plastic/polystyrene containers!
Anonymous 2, Feb 2018 @ 17:10
I live in Gloucestershire but it was only when I came Nurdling on Kimmeridge Beach and realised the horrific impact that plastic beads have on local wildlife that I became fully aware. As one of the older generation I recall that most of our containers in childhood were not only glass but reusable - milk bottles on the doorstep, pop bottles refunded when returned. My children's holidays in France were spent earning pocket money by collecting used wine bottles from our campsite which gained them 1franc for each one they returned. Not a bad habit to instill in youngsters. We've a long way to go to get back to where we were in post war Britain but it's something we have to be made accountable for. BE BRAVE AND TAKE YOUR UNWANTED PLASTIC PACKAGING BACK TO W STORE WHERE YOU BOUGHT IT. That might make the big supermarkets put pressure upon the manufacturers to come up with better alternatives.
Anonymous 3, Feb 2018 @ 10:01
We are striving to make changes in our fish and chip shop, reverting to
Grease proof paper and paper packaging. All these changes cost and we as a business have to absorb these costs. But we're determined to make changes.
Dorset Wildlife Trust 6, Feb 2018 @ 12:25
Good point about this may cost businesses more. We have to publicise their efforts and encourage them with public support to out compete the businesses that don't make the effort. - Simon.
Anonymous 3, Feb 2018 @ 15:16
WE need to do something about this problem
Anonymous 4, Feb 2018 @ 10:36
We must drip on about it. Dripping water wears away stone. We must be drips to save our seas.
Anonymous 8, Feb 2018 @ 11:09
It shocks us that as a planet we have become addicted to plastic packaging, but you only have to go back a microsecond in geological time to realise that it doesn't have to be this way and we managed fine in the 1970s with paper bags, recyclable glass and tins. Many consumers don't want or need this plastic and ALL of us are the driving force for change. But it has to be now, TODAY. Some may say we're too late already, and they may well be correct unless there is FUNDAMENTAL change immediately. We must work with nature, always.
Anonymous 9, Feb 2018 @ 13:04
We originally came from the sea, now we dump rubbish in it and the oceans simply wave it back to us, sometimes as food! Who's the clever one in all this? Sign petition https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/202198 and stop plastic seas. Yes we can.
Anonymous 15, Feb 2018 @ 17:31
I was on a cruise over Christmas and New Year from Cape Town. Sailing northwards we visited Maputo,Dar Es Salaam, Zanzibar and Mombasa, before crossing the Indian Ocean. I was appalled at the rubbish including plastic not only in the sea near these ports, but the empty plastic bottles lying everywhere in the towns, in the gutters and any crack or cranny at the side of the road. In Zanzibar there was an attempt to re-use plastic water bottles to sell oil in the local market!
I have seen similar in harbours in the caribbean, particularly in stormy weather when the rain washes all the rubbish into the sea.
We certainly need to encourage these undeveloped countries and help and educate them to deal with their rubbish properly. A proportion of our foreign aid budget could surely be used to great effect.
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