Moon Jellyfish

Scientific name: Aurelia aurita
The Moon Jelly is the most common jellyfish in UK seas, often washing up on our beaches. No need to worry though - it doesn't sting humans.

Species information

Statistics

Diameter: 5-40cm

Lifespan: Unknown in the wild; Little over 1 year in captivity.

Conservation status

Common

When to see

January to December

About

The Moon Jellyfish, or Moon Jelly, is found throughout the world's oceans. Around the size of a plate, it is recognisable by the four circles visible through the translucent white bell. These four circles are gonads, the reproductive organs located at the bottom of the stomach, and they are normally purple in colour. Moon jellies are common in UK seas and are often found washed up on shore. Jellyfish are 95% water and have no brain, blood or heart.
Moon jellies have short, delicate tentacles that hang down from the sides of the bell. They catch their plankton prey using a layer of mucus over their bells before passing the microscopic meals into their mouth parts using special tentacles.

How to identify

A round, dome-shaped jelly, translucent with four purple circular markings around the centre. You can usually see these jellyfish floating just below the surface of the water.

Distribution

Found in seas all around our coasts.

Did you know?

Moon Jellyfish have two main stages to their lifecycle: polyp and medusa. The latter is the adult, bell-shaped, floating jellyfish we are familiar with. The former is a small stalk that attaches to a rock and divides into buds which break free to become adults.

How people can help

The Wildlife Trusts are working with sea users, scientists, politicians and local people towards a vision of 'Living Seas', where marine wildlife thrives. Do your bit for our Living Seas by supporting your local Wildlife Trust or by checking out our Action Pages.